Depression, anxiety, behavioral disorders, and other mental illnesses mostly require more than just prescriptions and medications to be treated. Psychological treatments play a crucial role in the successful riddance of these issues. When combined with the support from a person’s family and community, psychological intervention can prove to be very helpful in addressing the problems that many are facing nowadays.
What psychological treatments are available and what do they do?
It is unfortunate how a lot of people easily associate the term “psychological treatments” with craziness and most of the time, the fear of being branded as sick in the head is the reason why individuals who need treatment would put off seeking them.
However, it is necessary for one to know that there are different types of treatment that psychology professionals can offer, and not all of them are exclusive to people who are officially diagnosed with serious mental problems. Below are the psychological treatments available, each catering to particular issues. These may be facilitated or received individually, as a group, as a couple, or as a whole family.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) – This type of therapy is developed to help people discover and realize their thoughts, feelings, and behavior, and how they can actually affect their personality, relationships, and life in general. It also seeks to let a person know how these can get stuck in unhelpful patterns. In this type of treatment, the therapist will encourage clients to try new, more positive ways of thinking, acting, and reacting. It is very helpful in treating depression and anxiety disorders, as well as other conditions such as eating and bipolar disorders, among others.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) – This looks into how a person generally relates with other people and how their actions, thoughts, and behavior affect their relationships and themselves. Therapists will provide suggestions on how one can interact with others better. IPT is also helpful with depression, anxiety, and social-related issues.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – This form of treatment is especially helpful for individuals with borderline personality disorder or BPD. It is based on the idea that persons with BPD have difficulty handling their emotions and eventually, the distress associated with it. DBT aims to help people learn of ways on how to handle their feelings and thoughts better and understand how they react to particular situations and improve it. DBT may be conducted individually or as a group.
Family Interventions – These are basically designed to help and support families for them to have a better understanding of the situations that they might be facing. This is performed by fostering calm and constructive family relationships, especially if a member has a psychological disorder. This type of therapy focuses on educating the members about the issue and offering solutions and ways to deal with it.
While these treatments are carried out by professional psychologists and therapists, it is important for everyone to know that the person receiving the treatment also plays a crucial role to ensure success. Furthermore, it can take time for real changes to be apparent, thus, one should be patient and willing to work together with the therapist for the best results.